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Peanuts are very healthy, hardly have any fat and have nutrients proven to promote heart health. They can also be a good source of protein and vitamin E.
Peanuts are actually legumes. Their plant is different from others because it grows its flower aboveground, but the small pods containing the seeds grown under the soil. The peanut plant will self-pollinate itself and once it’s fertilized, the yellow flowers will fall off the plant.Date Published: March 23, 2015Date Updated: March 23, 2015
Peanuts can be planted in the spring as soon as the last frost is over. They can then grow into September. The plants will take about 130 to 140 days to be ready to harvest.
Peanuts grow best in the south where temperatures are higher, but they can be grown in cooler states if they get full sunlight. Do not plant in cold, wet soil.Date Published: March 23, 2015Date Updated: March 23, 2015
You can plant peanuts two ways: from peanuts seeds or from actually planting the entire unroasted peanut, shell and all. You can start by planting inside. Fill a large bowl 2/3 full of moist potting soil. Put a few peanuts on top of the potting soil, then cover them with another layer of soil. The plants will grow quickly so when they start to sprout you can transplant the small plants outdoors.
If you shell your peanuts and use the “nuts” to plant as seeds make sure the thin layer of brown shell is still on them. The peanut won’t germinate without that layer.
Starting your seeds indoors will also help you get a head start on the growing season since peanuts take such a long time to mature.Date Published: March 23, 2015Date Updated: March 23, 2015
You can also plant the seedlings outside. To do this, put the seeds six inches deep and 10 inches apart in moist, but well-drained soil. It’s a good idea to add sand or compost to the soil to help with growth.
Whether you’re growing inside or out, make sure you give the plants plenty of water but do not soak them. Peanuts are prone to getting a mold called aflatoxin that can be very dangerous. If they receive too much water, peanut plants are more likely to contract mold. You may consider planting them in raised beds that drain well.Date Published: March 23, 2015Date Updated: March 23, 2015
Runners and pegs
Peanut plants have “runners,” which are the stems that the actual peanut grows from. Each runner will have one peanut that grows from it. The runner starts as the aboveground yellow flower. The flower will begin to wilt and grow its “pegs” that will go underground. When you see the peanut plant flowers begin to wilt, do not pick them. Instead, dig up the soil a little around the plant so it’s loose enough for the peg to grow underground.Date Published: March 23, 2015Date Updated: March 23, 2015
When the peanuts are ready, the plant will begin to turn yellow and wilt. This is your sign to dig up the pegs and pull off the peanuts. It’s important to do this before the first frost of the fall. If you wait too long the plants may suffer frost damage.
Peanuts all grow at different rates depending on when their pegs went into the ground. When you harvest your plants there may be some peanuts that are unusable because they’re too small.Date Published: March 23, 2015Date Updated: March 23, 2015
Here are some of the best varieties of peanuts to grow in your own backyard:
Date Published: March 23, 2015Date Updated: March 23, 2015
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