Understanding Flex Fuel Engines
You may have seen the little badge on a vehicle that says it’s has flex-fuel capabilities, or maybe you even own one. But how does this differ from a regular engine?
Ray Bohacz is Successful Farming’s engineman. He says a flex-fuel engine allows the ability to run on any ratio of gasoline combined with ethanol from E-zero up to E-85. You could even mix them because the engine will adjust on the fly.
"If it’s a flex-fuel vehicle, you could do anything you like. You could have a half tank of E-85 and then fill it up with E-0, E-10, or any blend in between," says Bohacz. "The system integrates a sensor that tells the control computer for the engine exactly what blend is in there. So, yes, you don’t have to worry about it. You could make a home brew, you could fill it up with E-85 and the next day E-20, and it’s going to go down the road happy as a lark."
There are two different systems that engine manufacturers use to identify the amount of ethanol in the gasoline. One is a sensor in the fuel system that electronically reads the amount of ethanol, and the other measures the oxygen content in the exhaust.
Bohacz says flex-fuel engines offer a lot of benefits.
"It allows the consumer to be able to use an American-based product, which is ethanol and also allows the engine to run cleaner, and it also allows the engine to be introduced with a higher-octane fuel at a lower cost for the consumer," he says. "So, ethanol is a win-win-win situation in the ethanol blends."
Ethanol has a lower energy density than gasoline, so the engine needs more fuel to achieve high performance. However, the fuel injectors are created for higher fuel flow rates so there won’t be a drastic reduction in overall power.
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